42nd History of Technology Conference 2021

Raw Materials. Natural Resources in History
12-13 November 2021 in Schaffhausen/Schlatt, Switzerland

The extraction of materials from the natural environment is the first step in a wide range of technical and economic processes. From industrial corporations and construction companies, to financial services and medicine – virtually all aspects of economic and everyday life are involved in raw material cycles. The 20th century has witnessed a dramatic rise in resource consumption, especially since the 1950s. The globalized economy's boundless hunger for natural resources and the recent debates on the "Anthropocene" have significantly increased scientific attention given to raw materials as the material basis of our society.

The 42nd History of Technology Conference will tie in with this agenda. Approaching the subject from a history of technology angle, the it will also include perspectives from corporate and global history, as well as archaeology, environmental and social history. 

Participation is by invitation only. For information about attending, please write to eisenbibliothek@georgfischer.com.

All information according to planning, July 5, 2021. Program changes are possible.

Organization and Contributors

Contributors

-    Jun.-Prof. Dr. Tina Asmussen, Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Germany

-    Dr. Lena Asrih, Deutsches Bergbau-Museum Bochum, Germany

-    Dr. des. Martin Baumert, Deutsches Bergbau-Museum Bochum, Germany

-    Matthias Baumgartl, M.A., Otto-Friedrich-Universität Bamberg, Germany

-    Jørgen Burchardt, Museum Vestfyn, Assens, Denmark

-    Dr. Hailian Chen, Universität Leipzig, Germany

-    Luise Elsässer, M.Sc., European University Institute, Florence, Italy

-    Dr. Michael Farrenkopf, Deutsches Bergbau-Museum Bochum, Germany

-    Prof. Dr. Matthias Heymann, Aarhus University, Denmark

-    Dr. Ulrike Kastrup, focusTerra, ETH Zurich, Switzerland

-    Bastian Linneweh, M.A., Georg-August-Universität Göttingen, Germany

-    Egor Lykov, M.A., ETH Zurich, Switzerland

-    Dr. Torsten Meyer, Deutsches Bergbau-Museum Bochum, Germany

-    Prof. Dr. Marcus Popplow, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Germany

-    Florian Preiss, M.A., Deutsches Museum, Munich, Germany

-    Dr. Ines Prodöhl, University of Bergen, Norway

-    Prof. em. Dr. Reinhold Reith, Universität Salzburg, Austria

-    Dr. Ole Sparenberg, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Germany

-    Dr. Elisabeth Vaupel, Deutsches Museum, Munich, Germany

-    Ugo Venni, GF Piping Systems, Schaffhausen, Switzerland

-    Edward Yanchevski, GF Piping Systems, Schaffhausen, Switzerland

Scientific Board

-    PD Dr. Gisela Hürlimann, TU Dresden, Germany

-    Prof. em. Dr. Reinhold Reith, University of Salzburg, Austria

-    Prof. Dr. Friedrich Steinle, Technical University Berlin, Germany

Host and Organization

Franziska Eggimann and the team of Iron Library and Corporate Archives of Georg Fischer Ltd, Schlatt/Schaffhausen, Switzerland

Conference Program

Pre-conference reception: Thursday, 11 November 2021

Lecture and reception in cooperation with the Vortragsgemeinschaft Schaffhausen

 

Reinhold Reith, Salzburg

Vom Umgang mit Rohstoffen in der Geschichte: Strategien der Ressourcennutzung
[Dealing with raw materials in history: Strategies of resource use]

 

An apéro riche will be offered after the lecture. The lecture and apéro are open to the public. All conference participants are also welcome to attend.

Lecture venue: Rathauslaube, Rathausbogen 10, Schaffhausen

Reception (apéro riche): Hotel Kronenhof, Kirchhofplatz 7, Schaffhausen, www.kronenhof.ch

Day 1: Friday, 12 November 2021

Location: Klostergut Paradies, Schlatt

 

Franziska Eggimann, Iron Library
Welcome and official opening of the Conference

 

Economic and social history of metals in the early modern period

Moderator: Friedrich Steinle, Berlin

Tina Asmussen, Bochum
Arm, nützlich, giftig und verheissungsvoll: Eine Ressourcengeschichte von Blei in der Frühen Neuzeit
[Poor, useful, poisonous and promising: a resource history of lead in the early modern period]

Hailian Chen, Leipzig
Zinc for Coin and Brass: A commodity-chain-analysis approach to studying resources in early modern Chinese history

Matthias Baumgartl, Bamberg
Kupfer als Handelsgut. Unternehmerische Herausforderungen und Chancen eines Rohstoffs um 1600
[Copper as a commodity. Commercial challenges and opportunities of a raw material around 1600]

Discussion

 

Beginning and end of the product line

Moderator: Reinhold Reith, Salzburg

Lena Asrih, Bochum
Prospektion im Mittelalter. Wissen um Lagerstätten
[Prospecting in the Middle Ages. Knowledge about deposits]

Martin Baumert, Torsten Meyer & Michael Farrenkopf, Bochum
Nach der Ressourcenextraktion – Forschungen und Praktiken der Rekultivierung von Bergbaufolgelandschaften im Niederlausitzer Braunkohlenrevier (1950er-1980er Jahre)
[After resource extraction - Research and practices of the recultivation of post-mining landscapes in the Lower Lusatian lignite region (1950s-1980s)]

Discussion

 

Lunch in the refectory

 

Guided tour of the Kubrix brick factory, Paradies

 

Coffee break

 

Acquisition of raw materials by states and companies

Moderator: Gisela Hürlimann, Dresden

Egor Lykov, Zurich
Wirtschafts- und Technikgeschichte des Erdöls, oder wie das «rückständige» Russland den «Westen» modernisierte
[The economic and technical history of oil, or how "backward" Russia modernized the "West"]

Jørgen Burchardt, Assens
Raw materials for iron works in a country without ore: The supplies of Det Danske Staalvalseværk, Denmark

Ugo Venni & Edward Yanchevski, Schaffhausen
In the pipeline: raw materials procurement at GF Piping Systems

Discussion

 

Ulrike Kastrup, Zurich
«BodenSchätzeWerte – Unser Umgang mit Rohstoffen.» Eine Ausstellung von focusTerra – ETH Zürich
["Earth's Treasures – How we use and value mineral resources." An exhibition by focusTerra – ETH Zurich]

 

Conference dinner at the Rüden Guildhall, Schaffhausen

Day 2: Saturday, 13 November 2021

Location: Klostergut Paradies, Schlatt

 

Tropics and deep seas: access to global raw materials

Moderator: Marcus Popplow, Karlsruhe

Bastian Linneweh, Göttingen
Kautschuk und die Herausforderungen globaler Märkte, 1900-1960
[Rubber and the challenges of global markets, 1900-1960]

Matthias Heymann, Aarhus
Pioneering Global Fat: Aarhus Oliefabrik and United Plantations Company

Ole Sparenberg, Karlsruhe
Was sind eigentlich natürliche Ressourcen? Oder: die wechselvolle Geschichte der Manganknolle, 1872 - 2020
[What are natural resources? Or: the eventful history of the manganese nodule, 1872 - 2020]

Discussion

 

The use of animal resources

Moderator: Gisela Hürlimann, Dresden

Elisabeth Vaupel & Florian Preiss, Munich
Die technische Nutzung von Hühnereiern
[The technical use of hen's eggs]

Luise Elsässer, Florence
Undertaking the full circle: The working horse’s uses in the first half of the twentieth century

Discussion

 

Resumé

Ines Prodöhl, Bergen
Conclusion and closing remarks

Franziska Eggimann, Iron Library
Closing words

 

Visit to the Iron Library

 

Lunch in the refectory

Iron Library Foundation

Klostergut Paradies

8252 Schlatt TG

Switzerland