Leonard N. Rosenband

Journeymen Paperworkers, the Industrious Revolution, and the Industrial Enlightenment in Europe, c. 1700-1800

Ferrum 91/2019

This article considers how the realities of hand papermaking framed the search for a papermaking machine. The manufacturers longed for a device that would sever the links joining the journeymen’s skills, custom, and familiar output, and produce vastly more paper. The absence of an industrious revolution in papermaking and the modest contributions of the industrial Enlightenment to the trade intensified this drive. A mechanized mimic of the journeymen’s skills, the papermaking machine put an end to their mechanical art.

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