Fay Lundh Nilsson, Per-Olof Grönberg

For the Promotion of Industrialization

Technical Upper Secondary Schools in Sweden 1855-1920

Ferrum 91/2019

The lack of middle-level technical education, which could provide local and regional industries with technically skilled labor and prepare students for higher technical studies, led to the establishment of technical upper secondary schools in five Swedish cities from the middle of the 1850s. When the Parliament made its decisions about the schools’ locations, cities that already had significant industrial or proto-industrial activities were initially favored. In the case of Malmö, about 50 percent of the graduates became employed in the school region, another 30 percent in the rest of Sweden. Thus we conclude that the school functioned as a regional institute for technical education. Around 20 percent went abroad, mostly to Germany and the US, for studies or to further their career. Many of them returned with new knowledge and skills.


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